For Chief Human Resources Officers (CHROs), the whirlwind of day-to-day HR management and quenching people-related fires can easily overshadow their fundamental mission. Amidst the hustle of managing immediate HR issues, the essence of a CHRO's role is to elevate the organization's talent and facilitate the realization of individual and team potential. This mission involves a strategic partnership with business leaders and the HR team to constantly refine organizational design and structure, ensuring agility and efficiency. A CHRO is pivotal in crafting a comprehensive employee journey that encompasses recruiting, hiring, onboarding, development, evaluation, advancement, and even exiting. Beyond the operational aspects, a CHRO plays a crucial role in fostering a vibrant organizational culture. This involves integrating the company's values and mission into everyday activities, establishing norms and behaviors that reflect these principles, and designing benefits, compensation structures, and workplace environments that support and enhance the employee experience. By orchestrating these elements, a CHRO not only contributes to the immediate success of the HR function but also steers the organization towards its strategic objectives, ensuring that it remains competitive and resilient in the face of change.

1. Org Design: By continually refining the organizational structure, the strategic CHRO ensures that the company remains agile and can swiftly adapt to market demands and internal changes. They align roles and responsibilities with the organization's objectives, creating a dynamic framework that allows talent to flourish and contribute effectively to the company's mission.

2. Employee Journey: The strategic CHRO meticulously crafts the employee journey, ensuring each phase—from recruitment to exit—is thoughtfully designed and managed to enhance employee engagement and growth. This comprehensive approach guarantees that every touchpoint is an opportunity for development, aligning employees' personal goals with the organization's strategic direction.

3. Culture: In cultivating a vibrant organizational culture, the strategic CHRO embeds the company's values and mission into the very fabric of daily operations, reinforcing behaviors that support the strategic vision. Through targeted benefits, compensation, and environment strategies, they nurture an atmosphere where employees are motivated, their contributions are valued, and the organizational ethos is tangibly experienced.


CHRO Strategy


As the strategic architect of the company's workforce, the Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) plays a vital role in refining the organizational structure to be agile and robust, ensuring it is well-positioned to respond quickly to market shifts while providing a steady operational foundation. In their pivotal role, the CHRO oversees the alignment of roles and responsibilities with the company's objectives and the industry's fluid demands while spearheading the development of a competency framework that anticipates the future landscape of skills and nurtures talent accordingly. This proactive approach to managing organizational roles and competencies transcends mere efficiency; it strategically harnesses and develops the workforce's inherent potential, empowering the organization to achieve its strategic goals and gain a competitive edge.

Organizational Structure

The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) collaborates with business and functional leaders to architect and maintain an organizational structure that maximizes efficiency and effectiveness. This executive leadership role involves carefully balancing the organization's strategic objectives with its operational capabilities. Organizational structure work involves optimizing the business and functional structure, reporting lines, management layers (delayering where necessary to reduce bureaucracy), and the span of control to ensure managers can effectively lead their teams. The CHRO ensures that the organizational structure enhances decision-making speed and agility while maintaining clear accountability and operational efficiency. By aligning workforce composition with strategic needs, the CHRO helps create a flexible, responsive organization capable of navigating the current and future needs and complexities of the business.

Workforce Planning

The CHRO is pivotal in leading the collaboration with business leaders to strategically plan, budget, and manage the overall and functional headcount. This process is critical for aligning the workforce with the organization's current and anticipated strategic and operational requirements. By leveraging data and industry benchmarks, the CHRO optimizes headcount planning and budget allocations, balancing the need to drive efficiency with investing in areas critical for future growth. This collaborative approach enables the organization to adapt its workforce composition to evolving business needs, ensuring resources are allocated where they can generate the most value.

Roles & Competencies

 The CHRO, in partnership with HR and business leaders, ensures that roles within the organization are clearly defined, aligned with strategic objectives, and understood by team members. This clarity is achieved by mapping out competencies required for each role, establishing career ladders that motivate and guide employees, and implementing training and development plans to fill skill gaps. This strategic approach to role definition and competency development enhances individual performance and ensures the organization has the talent necessary to achieve its long-term goals. By fostering a culture of continuous learning and development, the CHRO plays a critical role in preparing the workforce for both current challenges and future opportunities.


The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) is critical to leading the collaborative crafting and realizing of a comprehensive employee journey that spans from recruiting to exiting. This role is not just about oversight but about creating a collaborative environment where the CHRO, the HR team, and key stakeholders across the organization unite to shape a seamless experience for employees. By doing so, the CHRO ensures that every touchpoint with the employee is not just a transaction but a building block towards a cohesive whole, deeply embedded with the organization's values and strategic objectives.

the employee journey

Recruiting from the Right Talent Pools

The CHRO ensures its team consistently and collaboratively engages with department heads to deeply understand the specific talent demands of the organization. They strategically orchestrate the development of innovative sourcing and employer branding strategies aimed at cultivating a diverse and skilled talent pool that resonates with the organization's core values and strategic objectives. The CHRO ensures that the recruitment process is not merely efficient but intrinsically aligned with the organization's broader vision, deploying data analytics and creative sourcing to secure candidates who exemplify a strong cultural fit and possess the potential to propel the organization toward its long-term goals.

Hiring the Best

In shaping the hiring process, the Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) works in tandem with their team and the organization's leadership to craft and enhance a hiring selection framework and process that is comprehensive and equitable. This cooperative effort ensures the identification of candidates who not only possess the necessary skills but also align with the organization's culture and strategic imperatives, positioning them for enduring success within the company. The CHRO is instrumental in instituting a robust hiring methodology that evaluates a candidate's capabilities, potential, and cultural congruence, thus ensuring a fair and inclusive approach. By refining interview methodologies, candidate assessment protocols, and unbiased decision-making criteria, the CHRO leads the way in securing top-tier talent well-suited to advance the organization's objectives.

Onboarding for Success

In orchestrating the onboarding process, the Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) takes the helm to ensure that new hires are not only integrated into the practicalities of their new roles but also deeply rooted in the company's culture and strategic trajectory. Recognizing the critical impact of a new hire's initial months on their long-term productivity and advancement, the CHRO collaborates with various stakeholders to develop onboarding initiatives that go beyond mere logistics. They ensure that onboarding programs foster swift acclimatization to the company's values and vision and nurture early team connections, instilling a profound sense of belonging and commitment from the outset. The CHRO's strategic role in the onboarding process is pivotal in laying the groundwork for new employees to become productive, engaged, and aligned contributors to the organization's success.

Developing Talent

As the chief architect of talent development, the Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) fervently advocates for a culture of continuous learning within the organization. The CHRO's responsibility extends to creating and nurturing a wide array of professional growth opportunities, including tailored training programs, mentorship structures, and leadership development tracks. This commitment to fostering an environment where learning is intrinsic ensures that employees consistently develop the skills and acquire the knowledge necessary to meet the business's evolving demands and drive innovation. Collaborating with department leaders, the CHRO crafts development strategies that are not just aligned with but are a catalyst for the organization's strategic objectives and employees' personal career goals. Through such strategies, the CHRO ensures that the workforce is not only advancing in their current roles but is also preparing to fill the pipeline of future leadership, securing the organization's legacy of growth and adaptability.

Evaluating to Realize Potential

The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) spearheads the collaboration between the HR team and company leadership to create a performance evaluation system that is fair and strategically focused. This system is built on well-established performance and competency criteria, robust scoring methods, and thorough calibration sessions to ensure objective and accurate reflections of individual performance. By setting clear metrics and facilitating open dialogue, the CHRO's leadership ensures that the process is more than procedural—it's a cornerstone for talent development and organizational achievement. Performance evaluations equip team members with a keen understanding of their strengths and weaknesses, illuminating a clear and motivating path for professional development. They also cultivate a culture of consistent informal feedback, providing continuous guidance and fostering an environment of open communication and constant growth. In this role, the CHRO is less a sole leader and more a chief collaborator and orchestrator, guiding a system that provides consistent feedback and identifies paths for employee growth, enhancing the collective pursuit of excellence within the company.

Advancing High-Performers

The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) is pivotal in forging a clear trajectory for career advancement and succession within the organization, working in concert with senior leadership and key stakeholders to pinpoint and cultivate high-potential employees for leadership trajectories. This strategic collaboration ensures that the pathways for career progression are transparent and merit-based and in harmony with the company's strategic direction, thus serving both the individual's growth ambitions and the organization's broader objectives.

Exiting Low-Performers

The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) strategically ensures that HR teams and business leaders work in concert to maintain a high-performance culture, identifying low-performers and mitigating the impact of toxic behaviors. By orchestrating a system where performance improvement plans are utilized, the CHRO empowers managers to clearly communicate expectations and timeframes for improvement. In cases where progress is insufficient, the CHRO guides the HR team and business leaders through a respectful and empathetic exit process, leveraging exit interviews to capture insights and feedback that drive the continuous refinement of workplace and management practices and policies, all while skillfully managing transitions to safeguard team morale and overall productivity.

Strategic CHRO's Optimize The Employee Journey

Throughout the employee lifecycle, the Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) ensures HR practices are both responsive to immediate organizational needs and foundational for a robust, agile workforce poised for sustained success. This dual focus requires the CHRO to deeply understand the business, demonstrate a people-first leadership approach, and adeptly align HR strategies with long-term business outcomes. By fostering a collaborative strategy-setting process and ensuring meticulous execution by the HR team, the CHRO keeps these practices in sync with the organization's aims and responsive to the dynamic nature of business, highlighting their critical role in weaving human capital strategy into the fabric of the organization's operations.


In leading the HR team and partnering with business leaders, a strategic Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) plays a central role in cultivating a strong organizational culture that aligns with the company’s values and supports the team realizing the company’s mission and vision.

Values-Driven Organization

The CHRO is instrumental in defining and reinforcing the core values of the company, ensuring they are deeply embedded within the organization. These values are the guiding principles that inform the desired beliefs and behaviors essential to the company’s identity and success. The CHRO collaborates with leadership to integrate these values into every aspect of the business, from recruitment and onboarding to performance management and leadership development, so they become the living core of the company's operations and strategic initiatives, and not mere statements on posters and coffee cups.

Norms & Behaviors Define a Culture

Norms and behaviors within an organization are the everyday expressions of its values, and the CHRO is key in crafting and reinforcing an inclusive culture infused with the norms and behaviors that embody the company's values and mission. Through carefully designed HR policies and programs, the CHRO ensures that the company's values are reflected in its employees' daily interactions and communications. The CHRO fosters a workplace where positive norms and behaviors are not only encouraged but celebrated. The CHRO collaborates with leadership to ensure that these behaviors are consistently modeled at all levels, influencing how employees interact with each other, clients, and the broader community.

Compensation & Benefits Strengthen a Culture

The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) can profoundly influence and shape the company culture through strategic compensation and benefits optimization. By designing total compensation packages that go beyond mere market competitiveness to embody the company's values, the CHRO ensures that the rewards system clearly reflects the organization's dedication to its workforce. This involves crafting a range of benefits that address the diverse needs of employees, from health and wellness programs that show care for employees' physical and mental health to flexible working arrangements that demonstrate trust and respect for work-life balance.

Moreover, the CHRO leads in implementing performance-based incentives that align with company objectives, ensuring that compensation structures incentivize the behaviors and outcomes that drive business success. By aligning benefits with the company's mission and vision, the CHRO ensures that employees feel their well-being and growth are integral to the company's strategy. The CHRO can also leverage benefits as a tool for social responsibility, offering programs that contribute to community well-being or environmental sustainability, thus reinforcing the company's commitment to broader values. In doing so, the CHRO positions compensation and benefits as strategic tools for building a culture where employees are engaged, motivated, and loyal, which, in turn, cultivates an environment where the organization can thrive and sustain its success.

Environment Enables a Culture

The environment created within the organization is another crucial aspect of the CHRO's role. By working closely with business leaders, the CHRO ensures that the workplace environment—be it physical or virtual—reflects the company's values and mission while supporting collaboration, innovation, and well-being. This can range from office design fostering collaboration to creating virtual spaces facilitating communication and inclusivity, all integral to nurturing a positive and productive culture. The CHRO ensures that the work environment supports employees' well-being and encourages interactions and behaviors that are congruent with the organization's values and mission.

Events Strengthen a Culture

Finally, events play a crucial role in shaping the company's culture, and the CHRO and their team are at the forefront of creating and implementing events that embody the company's mission and values. Whether it's through town halls, retreats, team-building exercises, or community outreach programs, these events are opportunities to strengthen bonds, celebrate achievements, and reinforce the shared purpose and values of the organization. These events serve as critical touchpoints for reinforcing the culture, celebrating milestones, and bringing employees together to connect and engage with the company's mission on a deeper level.


The evolution from a tactical to a strategic Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) is a transformative journey essential for organizations aiming to thrive in a complex and ever-changing business landscape. A tactical CHRO may excel in the operational competencies of HR management—efficiently navigating the day-to-day tasks and immediate people-related issues. However, the modern CHRO must transcend these foundational duties to become a strategic force within their organization, with a growth mindset to enhance and improve on the professional and personal core competencies of a strategic CHRO. 

Professional Competencies of a Strategic CHRO

Strategic Thinking and Visioning: Capable of designing and realizing a strategic HR vision that complements the broader business goals. Skilled in anticipating future HR trends and aligning them with the organization's growth trajectory.

Business Acumen: Possesses a deep understanding of the organization's business model and how it succeeds in its market. Integrates HR strategies with business operations to drive company objectives.

Leadership and Influence: Exhibits strong leadership qualities that inspire and guide the HR team and stakeholders. Uses influence effectively to champion HR initiatives and secure organizational buy-in.

Change Management: Proficient in steering the organization through transitions and implementing new processes. Skilled in minimizing resistance and fostering employee resilience during times of change.

Talent Management: Demonstrates expertise in creating strategies to attract, develop, and retain top talent. Understands the critical role of aligning talent management with business needs.

Performance Management: Designs effective performance measurement systems that align with business strategies. Uses these systems to drive individual growth and organizational success.

Cultural Competency: Actively cultivates a workplace that embraces diversity and inclusivity. Recognizes the value of diverse perspectives in driving innovation and organizational excellence.

Data-Driven Decision-Making: Employs a data-centric approach to shaping HR policies and initiatives. Leverages analytics to improve HR practices and contribute to organizational knowledge.

Operational Excellence: Optimizes HR operations for maximum efficiency without compromising quality. Ensures compliance with legal standards and industry best practices.

Communication: Articulates complex HR concepts and strategies clearly across all levels of the organization. Masters various communication channels to engage with a diverse workforce.

Personal Competencies of a Strategic CHRO

Adaptability: Navigates the complexities of a changing business environment with agility. Embraces new challenges and adjusts strategies to maintain HR's strategic relevance.

Empathy: Places a high value on understanding and responding to employee concerns and motivations. Builds trust and fosters a supportive HR environment that acknowledges individual needs.

Resilience: Displays fortitude in addressing HR challenges and persevering through setbacks. Maintains a positive outlook and a focus on long-term goals despite short-term obstacles.

Integrity: Acts as a model of ethical behavior and decision-making within the organization. Maintains a transparent HR practice that builds trust across all employee levels.

Innovation: Constantly seeks out and implements creative solutions to complex HR challenges. Encourages a culture of continuous improvement and innovative thinking within the team.

Collaboration: Works collaboratively with different departments to ensure HR initiatives are aligned with organizational needs. Values partnership and collective input in creating effective HR strategies.

Emotional Intelligence: Manages personal emotions effectively and demonstrates an ability to understand and influence the emotions of others. Utilizes emotional intelligence to navigate interpersonal dynamics and lead with sensitivity.

Inclusiveness: Proactively includes diverse groups in decision-making processes and HR initiatives. Ensures that all employees have the opportunity to contribute and succeed.


While CHROs may find themselves ensnared in the immediacies of HR management and resolving personnel issues, it is imperative they maintain a focus on the broader horizon. Their ultimate objective transcends the day-to-day; it lies in nurturing and advancing the organization's talent, guiding individuals and teams towards their fullest potential. This requires a relentless commitment to refining the organizational structure, fostering a seamless and supportive employee journey from recruitment to exit, and cultivating a dynamic culture that embodies the organization's values and mission. By aligning their strategies with these goals, CHROs not only navigate the complexities of human resources management but also anchor their organizations in a position of strength and agility, ready to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

 Learn more about Joe Newsum, the author of all this free content and a McKinsey Alum. I provide a suite of coaching and training services to realize the potential in you, your team, and your business. Learn more about me and my coaching philosophy.
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